PH rises to 95th spot in World Bank ease of doing business rankings

Robie de Guzman   •   October 24, 2019   •   685

MANILA – The Philippines’ ranking in the World Bank 2020 Ease of Doing Business report climbed 29 notches from the previous year, the multilateral lender said on Thursday.

Out of 190 economies included in the study, the Philippines ranked 95th from 124th after scoring 62.8, an improvement over its grade of 57.68 in the previous year.

In the World Bank Ease of Doing Business 2020 report, Manila significantly improved in three areas: dealing with construction permits, protecting minority investors and getting credit.

In other indicators, the Philippines ranked 32nd in getting electricity; 120th in registering property; 95th in paying taxes; 113th in trading across borders; 152nd in enforcing contracts; and 65th in resolving insolvency.

The World Bank said that starting a business in the Philippines became easier after it implemented reforms, including the abolition of the minimum capital requirement for domestic companies.

It also made dealing with construction permits easier by improving and streamlining the process for securing an occupancy certificate.

“The Philippines strengthened minority investor protections by requiring greater disclosure of transactions with interested parties and enhancing director liability for transactions with interested parties,” the multilateral lender said in its report.

Department of Finance (DOF) Secretary Carlos Dominguez III expressed confidence that the Philippines will further raise its ranking next year once a new law expanding the access of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) to lending facilities is fully implemented.

Dominguez said Republic Act 11057 or the Personal Property Security Act (PPSA) will help propel the Philippines to a higher ranking in the Doing Business 2021 report with the law’s implementing rules and regulations soon to take effect.

“With the PPSA in place, MSMEs can register their movable assets such as inventory with the Land Registration Authority (LRA) and use those assets as collateral in accessing formal sources of financing,” Dominguez said in a statement.

“This is among the reforms we are pursuing to further improve our business climate and empower small entrepreneurs,” he added.

In World Bank’s report, New Zealand remains the most business-friendly country in the world, followed by Singapore, Hong Kong. Korea and the United States were also among the top performers.

Other economies with the most notable improvements in business climates were Saudi Arabia, Togo, Jordan, Bahrain, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, China, India, and Nigeria.

“The Doing Business 2020 study shows that developing economies are catching up with developed economies in the ease of doing business,” World Bank Group President David Malpass said in a statement.

PHL, World Bank ink $370-M loan deal for titling of lands to CARP beneficiaries

Robie de Guzman   •   July 21, 2020

MANILA, Philippines – The Philippine government has signed a $370-million loan agreement with the World Bank for a project that aims to speed up the process of the country’s program to redistribute land to farmer-beneficiaries, the Department of Finance (DOF) said.

In a statement issued on Monday, the DOF said the loan will be used to expedite the splitting of about 1.4 million hectares of land covered by the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) and provide individual titles to these parcelized lots to some 750,000 farmer-beneficiaries.

Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III and Mr. Achim Fock, who was then the World Bank’s Acting Country Director for Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, signed the loan agreement last July 14, the department said.

Dominguez said the project called Support to Parcelization of Lands for Individual Titling (SPLIT) of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) will improve the bankability of farmers and enable them to access credit and government assistance.

“It will support our economic recovery program by intensifying assistance to farmers and making agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) more resilient to the economic and social impacts of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic,” Dominguez said.

Under the project, the collective certificate of land ownership awards (CCLOAs) will be divided into individual titles for some 750,000 ARBs to help fulfill the completion of the decades-old CARP.

The government has redistributed about 4.8 million hectares of land to some 2.8 million ARBs under the agrarian reform program, but only 53 percent were in the form of individual land titles.

The remaining 47 percent or about 2.5 million hectares are CCLOA titles that were issued to groups of ARBs in the 1990s as a temporary measure to fast-track the distribution of land to farmer-beneficiaries, the DOF said.

“Through the project, ARBs will be provided security of tenure by way of issuance of individual titles. If ARBs or members of their family fall ill, clear and valid documentation of their property will allow them to mortgage their land, sell, or pass it on to their family members through inheritance,” it added.

The total cost of the SPLIT Project is US$473.56 million, of which US$370 million will be funded by the World Bank, while the government will provide the counterpart financing for the balance of US$103.56 Million.

The loan deal carries a 29-year maturity period, inclusive of a grace period of 10-and-a-half years, the DOF said.

IMF, World Bank warn of synchronized global slowdown

Robie de Guzman   •   November 21, 2019

Beijing, China – International organizations including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank warned Thursday that the world is facing a synchronized economic slowdown stemming from factors such as trade tensions between China and the United States and resulting uncertainties.

At a press conference following Thursday’s 1+6 roundtable meeting in Beijing, which involved Chinese authorities and various international economic institutions, new IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said the estimated losses for the global economy due to the China-US trade war will amount to $700 billion by 2020, 0.8 percent of the world’s GDP.

“We should move from trade truce to trade peace,” she urged.

The Bulgarian said that global growth is projected at only 3 percent in 2019 — the slowest in a decade — and recalled that growth of 90 percent of the world’s GDP has slowed in the past year in contrast to two years ago when 75 percent of the global economy experienced an upswing.

According to Georgieva, the current situation — which could worsen depending on the outcome of the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union — increases financial vulnerability and poses long-term challenges such as income inequality, demographic and regional disparities.

The IMF chief warned that these issues “will continue to weigh on growth unless they are quickly addressed.”

World Bank President David Malpass spoke in similar terms and called for efforts to resolve trade problems between Beijing and Washington to “avert a sharper slowdown.”

Also present at the meeting was Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang as well as representatives from the World Trade Organization, the International Labour Organization, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Financial Stability Board.

The joint statement issued by all these parties at the end of the meeting reiterates support for multilateralism and international cooperation as the only method for solving problems arising between countries.

It also underlines the need to strengthen the resilience of the financial system and to fortify trading systems. EFE-EPA

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BSP simplifies process for registration of payment system operators

Robie de Guzman   •   September 27, 2019

MANILA, Philippines – The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) on Friday issued simplified registration requirements for operators of payment systems (OPS) in line with the central bank’s thrust to promote ease of doing business in the country.

In a statement, the BSP said the Monetary Board has approved the issuance of BSP Circular No. 1049 series of 2019, providing for a simplified registration process “through self-assessment, streamlined list of documentary requirements, and descriptive examples-albeit not exhaustive-of activities that are akin to operating a payment system.”

The BSP said the streamlined registration aims to facilitate and encourage compliance of all concerned entities, particularly those previously unregulated non-financial institutions unfamiliar with regulatory compliance.

BSP registered/licensed institutions such as banks, non-bank electronic money issuers, which are now considered as OPS under the NPSA, will only have to submit a notification to the central bank.

The circular will also create the new Manual of Regulations for Payment Systems (MORPS), which will consolidate all relevant BSP issuances.

“It is a product of extensive consultations among private and public stakeholders in the payments industry, and is part of the phased-in implementation of the NPSA that prioritizes the creation of a baseline inventory of all OPS,” the BSP said in the same statement.

“Such inventory will be used as inputs in the crafting of rules and criteria for designating payment systems,” it added.

The circular was issued in accordance with the BSP’s authority under Republic Act No. 11127 or the National Payment Systems Act (NPSA) to oversee payment systems in the Philippines.

The central bank vowed it will continue to proactively engage payment industry stakeholders throughout the phased-in implementation of the NPSA. 

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