Obese children to outnumber severely underweight by 2022 – WHO

admin   •   October 11, 2017   •   4588

One in five children is now obese or overweight.

Thin or weak children have long been the enduring image associated with poor nutrition in developing countries, while obesity is considered the curse of rich nations. However, a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO)showed an obvious shift in this trend.

WHO released a report published in the lancet which shows that obesity rates among five to 19-year-olds Rose Tenfold in the past four decades, from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016.

In line with the observance of World Obesity Day today, the world agency offers recommendations of policy actions for countries to tackle obesity and overweight in young children.

“These actions are all feasible for all countries to tackle ending obesity and overweight in children. Countries will start at different places, perhaps in the schools, perhaps in the physical activity, perhaps in the public education and awareness and the regulatory and marketing, but all countries can tackle obesity through these six recommendations,” said WHO Program Manager Fiona bull.

The report said that 0.7 percent of children were obese in 1975, compared to 5.6 percent of girls and 7.8 percent of boys in 2016.

If the trend continues, more children and adolescents will be obese than moderately to severely underweight by 2022, according to the analysis of the weight and height measurements of nearly 130 million people – the largest ever epidemiological study, according to WHO.

“Being an overweight child or adolescent means you are more likely to be an overweight adult and it is also more likely to lead to early onset of conditions like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Overweight in childhood and adolescence also causes social psychological problems for the children themselves, more stigmatism, more bullying, less optimal school performance,” said WHO team leader Leanne Riley.

The study showed that there are now 124 million children and adolescents in the world who are obese and an additional 214 million overweight children and adolescent.  — United Nations Multimedia

 

COVID-19 reinfection dulot ng Omicron variant, posible – WHO

Robie de Guzman   •   November 29, 2021

MANILA, Philippines – Mas mataas umano ang tiyansa ng COVID-19 reinfection sa Omicron variant kumpara sa ibang coronavirus variants of concern, ayon sa World Health Organization (WHO).

Sa update ukol sa bagong variant, sinabi ng WHO na ang mga taong naka-recover na mula sa COVID-19 ay may mataas na tiyansang muling mahawa nito.

Gayunman, sinabi ng ahensiya na nananatiling limitado ang impormasyon at patuloy pa ang ginagawang pag-aaral ukol sa nasabing COVID-19 variant.

“Preliminary evidence suggests there may be an increased risk of reinfection with Omicron (.ie. people who have previously had COVID-19 could become reinfected more easily with Omicron), as compared to other variants of concern, but information is limited,” ang wika ng WHO.

“More information on this will become available in the coming days and weeks,” dagdag pa nito.

Hindi rin pa malinaw sa ngayon kung mas transmissible o mas nakakahawa ang variant na ito kumpara sa Delta COVID-19 variant at iba pang naunang strain bagaman dumarami na ang kaso nito sa iba’t ibang bansa.

Unang na-detect ang variant na ito sa South Africa at ngayo’y napaulat na rin sa iba’t ibang bansa.

“The number of people testing positive has risen in areas of South Africa affected by this variant, but epidemiologic studies are underway to understand if it is because of Omicron or other factors,” ang pahayag ng WHO.

“Researchers in South Africa and around the world are conducting studies to better understand many aspects of Omicron and will continue to share the findings of these studies as they become available,” dagdag pa nito.

Batay rin sa inisyal na datos, tumataas rin ang hospitalization sa South Africa ngunit hindi pa masabi kung ito ay dahil sa Omicron variant. Patuloy rin pang inaalam ng mga dalubhasa kung mas matindi nga ba ang sintomas na mararanasang isang tao kapag naging carrier ng ganitong variant.

“Preliminary data suggests that there are increasing rates of hospitalization in South Africa, but this may be due to increasing overall numbers of people becoming infected, rather than a result of specific infection with Omicron,” ang wika ng WHO.

“Initial reported infections were among university students—younger individuals who tend to have more mild disease—but understanding the level of severity of the Omicron variant will take days to several weeks,” dagdag pa nito.

Ayon sa WHO, maaari pa rin namang gamitin ang RT-PCR tests para ma-detect kung infected ng COVID-19 variants ang isang indibiduwal.

“The widely used PCR tests continue to detect infection, including infection with Omicron, as we have seen with other variants as well. Studies are ongoing to determine whether there is any impact on other types of tests, including rapid antigen detection tests.”

Ongoing rin anila ang assessment sa bisa ng mga ginagamit na gamot sa mga pasyenteng may severe COVID-19 infection.

Corticosteroids and IL6 Receptor Blockers will still be effective for managing patients with severe COVID-19. Other treatments will be assessed to see if they are still as effective given the changes to parts of the virus in the Omicron variant.

Sa ngayon, sinabi ng WHO na nakikipag-ugnayan na sila sa mga eksperto at researcher upang maunawaan ang galaw at behavior ng Omicron variant at ang posibleng epekto nito sa mga umiiral na hakbang laban sa COVID-19

Pero giit ng ahensiya, epektibo pa rin ang available vaccine products para maiwasan ang severe COVID-19 infection na maaaring humantong sa kamatayan.

“WHO is working with technical partners to understand the potential impact of this variant on our existing countermeasures, including vaccines,” ang pahayag ng WHO.

“Vaccines remain critical to reducing severe disease and death, including against the dominant circulating variant, Delta. Current vaccines remain effective against severe disease and death,” dagdag pa nito.

Inirerekomenda naman ng WHO sa mga bansa na lalong paigtingin ang genome sequencing sa mga samples na nagpositibo sa COVID-19; agad isapubliko o iulat ang mga naitalang kaso, at magsagawa ng field investigations at laboratory assessments upang mas maunawaan ang epekto ng Omicron sa bisa ng diagnostics, gamot, at mga bakuna kontra COVID-19.

Duterte calls for creation of framework for vaccine certificate recognition

Maris Federez   •   November 29, 2021

MANILA, Philippines — President Rodrigo Duterte has called for the creation of a framework for vaccine certificate recognition which will allow fully-vaccinated individuals, regardless of vaccine brand, a safe and hassle-free cross-border travel, the Presidential Communications team said Sunday (November 28).

“We need a framework on vaccine certificate recognition that is scientific, non-discriminatory, and compliant with WHO (World Health Organization) guidelines,” the President said.

The statement further said that the President’s sentiment comes after the decision of some countries, including the European Union, to only allow individuals who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 using the four vaccines recognized by its European Medicines Agency.

“One must not withhold recognition on the basis of vaccines used when access to certain brands remain unequal,” Duterte said. —/mbmf

Patuloy na genomic surveillance at restrictive alert level, kailangan vs bagong COVID-19 variant

Robie de Guzman   •   November 26, 2021

MANILA, Philippines – Naniniwala ang isang infectious disease expert na dapat magpatuloy ang ipinatutupad na genomic surveillance at restrictive alert level upang maagapan ang pagpasok ng panibagong variant ng novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Ayon kay Infectious Disease Specialist at Department of Health Technical Advisory Group member, Dr. Edsel Salvaña, nakakabahala ang presensiya ng bagong COVID-19 variant kaya dapat magpatuloy ang genomic surveillance ng Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Philippine Genome Center at National Institutes of Health upang ma-monitor kung may bagong coronavirus variant na nakapasok sa bansa.

“Sinusubaybayan natin ito bagamat hindi pa siya nagte-take over tulad ng Delta, nakakabahala rin ang mutations na taglay nito,” ani Salvaña.

“Lahat ng ginagawa natin para maprevent ang pagpasok ng bagong varaint, tuloy naman po talaga iyan. For instance yong genomic surveillance […] and the fact na na-detect na ang variant na ito at pinag-uusapan na ng WHO. Iyong UK nga nag- travel ban na sila. It shows na iyong ating global genomic surveillance is working and hopefully we can prevent the spread of any new variants that come up,” dagdag pa niya.

Ang bagong COVID-19 variant na B.1.1.529 ay natuklasan sa bansang South Africa noong Nobyembre 23 mula sa samples na kinuha mula November 14 hanggang 16.

Bagama’t wala pang kumpletong detalye ang sinasabing bagong variant at variant under monitoring pa lang ang klasipikasyon nito sa ngayon, sinabi ng World Health Organization (WHO) na kailangang bantayan ito ng maigi dahil nagtataglay ito ng maraming mutations na maaaring makaapekto sa behavior o bagsik ng virus.

Inaalam rin ang epekto ng variant sa diagnostics, sa bisa ng bakuna at mga gamot na ginagamit sa mga pasyenteng may COVID-19.

“We don’t know very much about this yet. What we do know is that this variant has a large of number mutations,” ang pahayag ni Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove, ang COVID-19 Technical Lead ng WHO.

“Right now, researchers are getting together to where these mutations are and what that potentially mean for our diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines,” dagdag pa niya.

May mga kaso na ng ganitong variant na naitala sa ilang bahagi ng South Africa gaya ng Johannesburg, Gauteng at Botswana.

May napaulat na rin sa Hong Kong na isang biyahero mula sa South Africa.

Sa Pilipinas, wala pang iniuulat na kaso ng B1.1.529.

Tiwala naman si Salvaña na agad maaagapan ang pagpasok sa bansa ng nasabing variant dahil sa umiiral na COVID-19 restrictions.

Panawagan rin nito sa publiko na huwag maging kampante sa kabila ng pagbaba ng mga kaso dahil nananatili pa rin ang banta ng COVID-19. (mula sa ulat ni Correspondent Aiko Miguel)

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