Toronto, Canada – A group of Canadian researchers announced Thursday the discovery of what they consider a new type of lung injury linked to vaping.
The disease, similar to bronchiolitis obliterans, is different from lung disease, known as EVALI, connected to the use of electronic cigarettes recently detected in the United States, the researchers said.
The research, which was published Thursday in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, was based on a 17-year-old boy who uses daily electronic cigarettes and THC, the main psychoactive in cannabis, who developed a persistent cough and was eventually taken to hospital.
The patient’s condition worsened in hospital and he had to be placed on life support with lung lesions similar to a disease called bronchiolitis obliterans, known as “popcorn lung” because it has been observed in workers exposed to diacetyl, a chemical used as a flavoring in popcorn factories.
The young man’s situation worsened and doctors referred him to a transplant center because of the possibility he would need a double-lung transplant.
After ruling out other causes, Canadian researchers identified the liquids used to flavor the cartridges of electronic cigarettes consumed by the teenager as the most likely cause of the lesions.
Dr. Karen Bosma said the new model of airway injury disease associated with vaping that causes chronic obstruction appears to be different from the alveolar lesion seen in recent EVALI cases in the US and seven confirmed or probable cases in Canada.
She added that the case of acute bronchiolitis was a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.
She said the patient had extensive exposure to flavored liquids for electronic cigarettes and the negative diagnosis for other causes of bronchiolitis.
Researchers suspect bronchiolitis obliterans may have been developed in the same way as that of popcorn factory workers exposed to inhalation of harmful chemicals, she continued.
The young man managed to avoid a lung transplant but researchers said he suffers from chronic lung damage and is recovering from his long stay in the intensive care unit.
The study authors noted that statistics indicate around 272,000 Canadians aged between 15 and 24 have used electronic cigarettes in the past 30 days. EFE-EPA
Canada closed its borders to all foreign nationals except U.S. citizens and permanent residents on Monday (March 16), with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau urging people to stay at home to help stem the spread of the new coronavirus.
“We will be denying entry into Canada to people who are not Canadian citizens or permanent residents,” Trudeau told reporters at a news conference outside his home, where he is under quarantine.
“All Canadians as much as possible should stay home.”
The death toll in Canada jumped to four on Monday, from one on Sunday. All three new deaths were reported by the Pacific province of British Columbia.
Health officials say they have found about 350 cases of COVID-19 across all 10 provinces.
Trudeau acted after the premiers of the two most populous provinces – Ontario and Quebec – urged him to clamp down on the borders.
“These measures will help save lives,” he said, adding that trade would not be affected.
Canada shares a long unguarded frontier with the United States, which takes 75% percent of Canadian goods exports.
Asked why U.S. citizens were exempt, Trudeau said the close bilateral integration meant the United States was in a different category from other nations but added that more measures could be announced soon.
Trudeau said Canadians should not travel outside the country and urged citizens who were abroad to return home. He also said Canada would reroute all international flight arrivals to four airports – Toronto, Calgary, Montreal and Vancouver.
Canada has also imposed tougher screening requirements.
The Canada Border Services Agency said all travelers arriving from any international destination would now be told to self-isolate for 14 days.
Some visitors who flew into Canada over the weekend told reporters they had not undergone any screening.
Trudeau has said his Liberal government will soon announce a major stimulus package to help those hit economically by the outbreak. (Reuters)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his wife Sophie are in self-isolation after she came down with flu-like symptoms and was tested for the new coronavirus, according to an official statement on Thursday (March 12).
The 48-year-old Liberal leader is exhibiting no symptoms and will continue to work from home until the results of his wife’s test comes in, the statement said. However, face-to-face meetings with provincial premiers scheduled for Thursday and Friday will instead be held by phone.
“Having recently returned from a speaking engagement in London, UK, the Prime Minister’s wife Sophie Grégoire Trudeau began exhibiting mild flu-like symptoms including a low fever late last night,” the statement from the prime minister’s office read.
“She immediately sought medical advice, and is being tested for the COVID-19 virus. She is self-isolating at home awaiting test results, and her symptoms have since subsided.”
The statement does not mention whether their three children are staying home as well.
Canada has just over 100 confirmed cases of the new coronavirus, more than double the number from a week ago. With Manitoba and New Brunswick reporting their first presumptive cases in the past 24 hours, six of Canada’s 10 provinces have recorded COVID-19 contagion. (Reuters)
President Rodrigo Duterte officially prohibits vaping or the use of e-cigarettes in public places, based on the executive order signed on Wednesday (February 26).
Executive Order (EO) No. 106, which was released to the public on Friday (February 28), also covers the ban on selling e-cigarettes to minors.
It is also prohibited to distribute and sell e-cigarette products that are not registered with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This includes electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems.
The EO aims to prevent health risk to the public especially to non-smokers.—AAC (with reports from Rosalie Coz)
UNTV is a major TV broadcast network with 24-hour programming. An Ultra High Frequency station with strong brand content that appeal to everyone, UNTV is one of the most trusted and successful Philippine networks that guarantees wholesome and quality viewing experience.