Lifesaver tips: What to do when someone is choking?

Robie de Guzman   •   December 24, 2019   •   495

It’s the time of the year when family and friends gather to celebrate the holidays.

Reunions and parties abound where everybody can be merry and feast on arrays of scrumptious food.

But what if in the middle of dining and merry-making, you spotted a family member, a friend or someone else who is coughing or gagging, and clutching their throat after choking on a piece of food?

Choking is a blockage of the upper airway or throat, which prevents a person from breathing effectively. It can be caused by a piece of food or other foreign objects that got stuck in the upper airway.

It often occurs when food is not chewed properly or if person is talking or laughing while eating.

Choking is a medical emergency that can quickly result in death if not treated immediately.

How do you know if someone is choking?

According to UNTV’s Lifesaver program, a choking person may manifest the following behaviors:

  • Coughing or gagging
  • Wheezing
  • Sudden inability to talk
  • Making panicky hand signals
  • Clutching the throat
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Turning blue around the face, lips and fingernail beds

What should you do to help a choking person?

  • If the person is conscious, approach them and ask if they are choking.
  • If the person is able to answer by speaking or making a sound, it is a partial airway obstruction. Stay with him or her and encourage the person to continue coughing until the obstruction is cleared.
  • If the person cannot answer by speaking and can only nod the head, it means they have a complete airway obstruction and needs help. Help them clear the airway obstruction by performing an abdominal thrust.
  • To perform abdominal thrust, stand behind the choking person and do the tripod position by placing one foot slightly in front of the other for balance. Wrap your arms around the waist and tip the person slightly forward. If a child is choking, kneel down behind the child.
  • Make a fist with one hand and position it slightly above (around an inch) the choking person’s navel.
  • Grasp the fist with the other hand and then press hard in an inverted “J” motion or quick, upward thrust, as if you’re trying to lift the person in front.
  • Perform the abdominal thrust until the blockage is dislodged.
  • If you’re the only person with him or her, perform the abdominal thrust before calling your local emergency number for help. If another person is available, have them call for help while you perform first aid.
  • If the person becomes unconscious, lower him or her on his back onto the floor, or on an even and hard surface, with arms to the side.
  • Tilt upward the person’s head to open his or her mouth to check whether the foreign object has been cleared. If it is, remove the foreign object by reaching a finger into the mouth and sweep out the cause of choking. Do not do a finger sweep if the blockage is not visible as this may cause the food or object to push deeper into the airway.
  • Perform standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with 30 chest compression if the object remains lodged and the person does not respond. Check the mouth periodically. Repeat the process until the patient regains consciousness or until emergency responders have arrived.

Check the Lifesaver episode below on how to perform a CPR:

  • If the person has regained his or her breathing, place him or her on a recovery position by folding the arm closest to you over their chest and place the other arm at a right angle to their body. Get the leg closest to you and bend the knee. While supporting the person’s head and neck, gently take the bent knee closest to you and roll the person away from you. Adjust the upper leg so both the hip and knee are bent at right angles. Tilt the head back to ensure the airways are clear and open.

Remember these steps so you may be able to help in a situation involving a choking person.

Watch the episode of Lifesaver below for more information on performing first aid on a choking person:

Lifesaver airs every Sunday at 10:30am on UNTV, Your Public Service Channel.

For more details about Lifesaver, visit the following social media accounts:

Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/UrALifesaver/

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Twitter – https://twitter.com/UrALifesaver/

Lifesaver: How to treat fireworks-related burns and injuries

Robie de Guzman   •   December 31, 2019

MANILA, Philippines – The government has been calling on the public to ditch fireworks and other pyrotechnic devices for safer noise-maker alternatives to avoid any injuries during the celebration of the holidays.

However, there are some people who just can’t help themselves from setting those firecrackers off so UNTV’s Lifesaver program has prepared first-aid tips on how to treat burns and injuries related to the use of fireworks.

Lifesaver program host, UNTV News and Rescue Manager Benedict Galazan, said there are different first aid treatments for different types of fireworks accidents.

He, however, stressed that these are only temporary measures as victims should be immediately rushed to the nearest hospital.

Here are the first-aid tips:

  • For first degree burns, the burned or injured area should be washed under cool running water for 10 to 15 minutes to ease the pain and remove traces of chemical powder.
  • Cover the burned area using a clean cloth and, if necessary, immediately bring the victim to the hospital.

First-degree burns are considered mild and result in pain and reddening of the skin.

  • For second degree burns, run cool water on the wound for 10 to 15 minutes to stop the bleeding and ease the pain.
  • Cover the wound with a clean cloth or plastic wrap then bring the victim to the nearest hospital.

Second-degree burns affect the epidermis and lower layer of the skin and may cause pain, redness, and blistering.

When blistering occurs, the swollen area of the skin should not be popped.

“‘Yung mga blister o paltos ay huwag puputukin. Kasi iyan po ang pinaka-defense mechanism ng katawan ‘yan na kapag may heat na naramdaman ang katawan, magpo-produce siya ng liquid para ‘yun din ang makatulong sa pagcool-down ng burn,” Galazan said.

  • For third-degree burns, run the wound on cool water for 10 to 15 minutes to stop the bleeding and ease the pain.
  • Carefully put pressure on the injured area to control the bleeding.
  • Do NOT apply toothpaste, cream or any oil-based ointment to the wound or burn.
  • Cover the injured area with a clean cloth or plastic wrap then bring the victim to the hospital.

Third-degree burns affect the dermis and deeper skin tissues and may result in white or blackened, charred skin that may be numb.

  • For injured fingers, hands and other limbs, Lifesaver advises to run the injured part under cool water. Do NOT use ice.
  • If the fingers are still intact, run it as well on cool water.
  • If some fingers or other body parts are dismembered or lost, apply pressure using a tourniquet or any device (bandage and stick, rope or belt) to a limb or extremity to limit – but not stop – the flow of blood.
  • Also, try to look for the dismembered finger, and wrap them in a clean cloth. Place them inside a sealed plastic bag and put it in ice.
  • Bring the victim and the dismembered body part to the nearest hospital.

Dismembered limbs need to be brought with the victim to the hospital as these may still be reattached through surgery.

  • For eye injuries, flush the affected eye with cool water to remove any traces of firecracker powder.
  • Do NOT scratch or touch the injured eye.
  • If it is bleeding, use gauze or a paper cup to cover and protect the injured eye. Be careful not to put pressure on the eye.
  • Bring the patient to the nearest hospital

For ingestion or firecracker or its powder, here are the first aid tips:

  • Let the patient drink raw egg whites. Health experts recommend six to eight egg whites to a child and eight to 12 to an adult.
  • The patient should not attempt to throw up the ingested firecracker to prevent further damage.
  • Bring the victim to the nearest hospital.

Remember, if the wound is larger than the size of the palm of the hand, immediately bring the victim to the nearest hospital or call emergency medical services such as 8-911-UNTV.

Watch the episode of Lifesaver below for more first aid tips on firecracker burns:

– RRD (Correspondent Harlene Delgado contributed to this report)

Lifesaver: How to prepare for and survive a cyclone

Robie de Guzman   •   December 2, 2019

The Philippines gets an average of 20 tropical cyclones each year.

According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), the peak of the typhoon season is July through October, when nearly 70 percent of all typhoons develop.

As a country prone to cyclones and other natural calamities, preparing for a disaster can start before there is an immediate threat.

Cyclone formation can be identified by meteorologists well in advance as they take shape over oceans before tracking towards coastlines. This gives ample time for the public to prepare for an incoming storm.

So, how can you prepare for a cyclone?

UNTV’s Lifesaver program has prepared this what-to-do list to help you get ready before, during and after a storm.

If you live in a disaster-prone area, check with your local authorities if your property is located in an area vulnerable to flooding, storm surge and landslide so you would know how to proceed.

BEFORE a cyclone hits, you should:

Secure your home and other properties.

  • Tie down roofs with cables.
  • Repair loose roofing sheets and make sure these are firmly fastened in place
  • Cover beds and other items with plastic to protect it from water seeping in around windows and doors.
  • Secure debris or loose items such as potted plants, tools, garbage cans and other materials that could become airborne during strong winds.
  • Place valuable items and appliances on higher level to protect them from flooding.
  • Trim branches or tie down trees near your home that may topple during high winds.
  • Arrange flashlights, candles and lanterns in places where adults can easily find these items.
  • Prepare several gallons of drinking water on hand.

Prepare your family’s survival essentials.

  • Fully charge your mobile phones and other communication devices.
  • Store copies of legal documents such as passport, license, birth and marriage certificates and identification cards in a waterproof container.
  • Keep a stash of extra cash in a waterproof pouch.
  • Prepare your family’s Go Bag that you can grab when you have to evacuate.
  • Fill your vehicle’s tank with gas, and move it away from trees or structures that may collapse during the storm.

Prepare a disaster evacuation plan.

  • Meet your family members to discuss your evacuation plan.
  • Check your locality’s flood warning system and evacuation plan.
  • Be ready to leave your home and head to a temporary shelter when advised by authorities.
  • Keep yourself updated with the latest weather report.

DURING a cyclone, you should:

  • Keep calm but vigilant.
  • Watch television or listen to radio to get latest weather advisories.
  • Stay inside your home and away from windows, especially those that are made of glass.
  • Remain inside even when the eye of the storm is passing and all appears to be calm as heavy winds will soon follow.
  • Unplug all appliances and turn off the main power switch to avoid power spikes.
  • Shut off gas valve.
  • Use flashlights and lanterns when power outage occurs.
  • If living in low-lying area, consider seeking shelter elsewhere. Follow government advisories when there is a need to move to a safer place.

AFTER a storm, you should:

  • Wait for authorities advise on whether it is safe to return to your home.
  • Make sure that your house is safe and stable before you go in. carefully check your house for loose power lines, foundation cracks or other damage.
  • Watch out for live wires or outlet immersed in water.
  • Check the ceiling or walls for signs of sagging that may be dangerous if it falls.
  • Report damaged or fallen electrical posts to authorities.
  • Remove health hazards left behind by floodwater mud.
  • Remove water that accumulated in tires, cans or pots to avoid it from becoming a breeding spot for mosquitoes.

Watch more episodes of Lifesaver below for more information on preparing for a cyclone.

Be a Lifesaver: What is bystander effect and how do you overcome it?

Robie de Guzman   •   November 29, 2019

(FILE) Bystanders hold on to a jeepney as rescuers pull out a woman during an accident in Manila, Philippines, 07 June 2019. EPA-EFE/MARK R. CRISTINO

If you witnessed an emergency situation happening before your eyes, would you immediately leap into action to help someone in trouble?

While many would likely answer this question with a resounding “yes,” psychological experts say that deciding on whether to intervene or not in such situation might depend on the number of people present.

This conundrum is called the bystander effect.

It refers to the social phenomenon that occurs when individuals fail to intervene or help those in need because of the presence of other people.

During emergency, experts say, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses present. In many cases, people who are part of a large crowd feel that since there are others around, someone would step up and take action.

According to psychological experts, there are two major factors that contribute to the bystander effect.

First is the diffusion of responsibility created by the presence of other people. Social psychology research show that when in a crowd, a person does not feel as much pressure to take an action since the responsibility is thought to be shared among all those present.

Second is the need to behave in socially acceptable ways. When no one is taking action, individuals often take this as a signal that intervening in a certain situation is not necessary.  Ambiguous situations can also make it difficult to determine if help is truly needed.

So how can you overcome this effect?

Being aware of this tendency helps in breaking the cycle. Staying alert and attuned to the situation, rather than relying on others’ responses can also help you decide how to react.

Learning first aid and other trainings can also make you feel more prepared to help other people and deal with potential emergencies.

One of Lifesaver’s main purposes is to address the bystander effect.

Lifesaver is a program, running both in TV and digital platforms, which offers information on basic first aid response for lay people in times of accidents or emergencies.

It also shares tips on how to prepare for medical emergencies or disasters, be it at home or at work.

The program also pushes for disaster awareness to help the public prepare better.

Lifesaver features rescue operations of UNTV’s emergency and response team where one can learn the basic steps in providing first aid.

Lifesaver is on a mission to educate ordinary people on essential emergency response and disaster preparedness tools by offering viewers easy to understand lessons.

It airs on UNTV every Sunday, from 10:30 a.m. to 11 a.m.

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