French parliament adopts law that bans smacking children

Robie de Guzman   •   July 5, 2019   •   955

Extract of a public service announcement video urging parents not to smack children | Courtesy: Image grabbed from a Reuters video

French senators on Tuesday (July 3) passed into law an anti-smacking bill that prohibits the use of violence in the education of children, although there will be no punishment for parents who break the law.

The law adds to the Civil Code that mayors must mention in town hall weddings a text saying, “parental authority is exercised without physical or psychological violence.”

The text will also appear on the front page of children’s health notebooks.

It reverses parental rights to discipline children using corporal punishment granted under Napoleon in the early 1800s.

According to charity Fondation Pour l’Enfance, 85 percent of French parents have resorted to the use of violence in education, and 75 percent of child abuse is the result of such punishments. The study showed that 50 percent of parents hit their child before age 2.

“Parenthood is supremely difficult. Violence is often a synonym of weakness and failure, because we did not have patience, because we did not find the words. But it is easy, while comfortably seated in this beautiful assembly room, to give moral lessons, to advocate teaching by explaining, understanding and affection,” said Senator Olivier Paccaud from Right-wing party Les Republicains (The Republicans).

“The heart of this bill, its reason for being, what it can and must bring forth is a realisation: violence is never the answer,” he added.

Following the bill’s passage, the government will prepare a report about parental violence and propose measures to educate parents by September 2019.

France becomes the 56th country to adopt a law totally prohibiting educational violence, which is already effective in 22 of the EU’s 28 member states.

Sweden, a pioneer in the field, adopted the measure in 1979. (REUTERS)

(Production: Michaela Cabrera)

British TV presenter Flack died by hanging — inquest hears

UNTV News   •   February 19, 2020

Caroline Flack

British television presenter Caroline Flack was found hanged in her London flat on Saturday (February 15) and paramedics were unable to revive her, an inquest into her death heard.

The suicide of the 40-year-old former presenter of the hugely popular “Love Island” dating show has reignited a debate in Britain about the conduct of the tabloid press and social media trolls.

Coroner’s Officer Sandra Polson told the court that police had been flagged down on the street by an unidentified person who had led them to a residential address. There, a woman was found lying on her back.

An ambulance arrived and paramedics attempted CPR but were unable to revive her. She was pronounced dead at 1436 GMT on Saturday.

An autopsy determined that the cause of death was suspension by ligature. The coroner adjourned the rest of the inquest until Aug. 5. (Reuters)

(Production: Marissa Davison)

Global warming causing ‘irreversible’ mass melting in Antarctica says scientist

UNTV News   •   February 19, 2020

Global warming was leading to an “irreversible” mass melting of the Antarctic ice and purging carbon from the atmosphere was the only solution to slow the process, an Australian climate scientist told Reuters on Wednesday (February 19).

Recent human activity has intensified global warming, which could result in a mass melting of Antarctica, said Zoe Thomas, a research fellow at the University of New South Wales who was part of an international team of scientists that recently published a paper on Antarctic ice melting.

The study showed the world could lose most of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, which rests on the seabed and is fringed by floating ice, in a warmer world.

“What we’re seeing with the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is that this starting of the melt, once we reach a certain threshold, will continue despite our efforts to stop it,” she told Reuters.

The hottest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica of 18.3 degrees Celsius (64.94 degrees Fahrenheit) was taken at a research base there on Feb. 6. If hotter temperatures were to sustain they could cause an extreme global sea level rise.

“This will gradually displace people as it goes,” Thomas said. “We know this is already happening in small island communities and this will just continue to happen gradually as more and more houses are being inundated at high tide, then at normal tide and then even at low tide.”

Thomas said that the only thing that would slow down the ice melting was if economies across the world began de-carbonising themselves.

Many advanced economies have pledged to cut carbon emissions to net zero by 2050 though Australia is largely seen as dragging its feet on the issue despite recently suffering one of its worst bushfire seasons ever. (Reuters)

(Production: Cordelia Hsu)

Libya talks suspended after rebels attack Tripoli port

UNTV News   •   February 19, 2020

Libya’s internationally recognized government on Tuesday (February 18) suspended talks hosted by the United Nations to halt warfare over the capital after eastern forces shelled Tripoli’s port, killing three people and almost hitting a highly explosive gas tanker.

Footage from Tripoli’s port showed black smoke rising near docked ships from the area believed to have been hit by shelling.

The U.N. has been hosting in Geneva ceasefire talks between officers from the Tripoli government and the eastern-based Libya National Army (LNA) led by commander Khalifa Haftar.

The two factions have been trying to take the capital in a near year-long campaign, displacing at least 150,000 people.

The LNA on Tuesday shelled Tripoli port, saying first it had attacked a Turkish vessel bringing weapons but saying later it had hit an arms depot. Three civilians were killed and five wounded, the Tripoli forces said.

In response to the LNA attack, the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord said in a statement it suspended its participation in ceasefire talks “until firm responses are taken against the attacker, and we will respond firmly to the attack in appropriate timing.” (Reuters)

(Production: Ahmed Elumami, Seham Eloraby and Fintan McDonnell).

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