Exclusive: Facebook to put 1.5 billion users out of reach of new EU privacy law

UNTV News   •   April 20, 2018   •   3224

FILE PHOTO: People are silhouetted as they pose with mobile devices in front of a screen projected with a Facebook logo, in this picture illustration taken in Zenica October 29, 2014.
CREDIT: REUTERS/DADO RUVIC

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – If a new European law restricting what companies can do with people’s online data went into effect tomorrow (April 20) almost 1.9 billion Facebook Inc users around the world would be protected by it. The online social network is making changes that ensure the number will be much smaller.

Facebook members outside the United States and Canada, whether they know it or not, are currently governed by terms of service agreed with the company’s international headquarters in Ireland.

Next month, Facebook is planning to make that the case for only European users, meaning 1.5 billion members in Africa, Asia, Australia and Latin America will not fall under the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which takes effect on May 25.

The previously unreported move, which Facebook confirmed to Reuters on Tuesday, shows the world’s largest online social network is keen to reduce its exposure to GDPR, which allows European regulators to fine companies for collecting or using personal data without users’ consent.

That removes a huge potential liability for Facebook, as the new EU law allows for fines of up to 4 percent of global annual revenue for infractions, which in Facebook’s case could mean billions of dollars.

The change comes as Facebook is under scrutiny from regulators and lawmakers around the world since disclosing last month that the personal information of millions of users wrongly ended up in the hands of political consultancy Cambridge Analytica, setting off wider concerns about how it handles user data.

The change affects more than 70 percent of Facebook’s 2 billion-plus members. As of December, Facebook had 239 million users in the United States and Canada, 370 million in Europe and 1.52 billion users elsewhere.

Facebook, like many other U.S. technology companies, established an Irish subsidiary in 2008 and took advantage of the country’s low corporate tax rates, routing through it revenue from some advertisers outside North America. The unit is subject to regulations applied by the 28-nation European Union.

Facebook said the latest change does not have tax implications.

‘IN SPIRIT’

In a statement given to Reuters, Facebook played down the importance of the terms of service change, saying it plans to make the privacy controls and settings that Europe will get under GDPR available to the rest of the world.

“We apply the same privacy protections everywhere, regardless of whether your agreement is with Facebook Inc or Facebook Ireland,” the company said.

Earlier this month, Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg told Reuters in an interview that his company would apply the EU law globally “in spirit,” but stopped short of committing to it as the standard for the social network across the world.

In practice, the change means the 1.5 billion affected users will not be able to file complaints with Ireland’s Data Protection Commissioner or in Irish courts. Instead they will be governed by more lenient U.S. privacy laws, said Michael Veale, a technology policy researcher at University College London.

Facebook will have more leeway in how it handles data about those users, Veale said. Certain types of data such as browsing history, for instance, are considered personal data under EU law but are not as protected in the United States, he said.

The company said its rationale for the change was related to the European Union’s mandated privacy notices, “because EU law requires specific language.” For example, the company said, the new EU law requires specific legal terminology about the legal basis for processing data which does not exist in U.S. law.

NO WARNING

Ireland was unaware of the change. One Irish official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said he did not know of any plans by Facebook to transfer responsibilities wholesale to the United States or to decrease Facebook’s presence in Ireland, where the social network is seeking to recruit more than 100 new staff.

Facebook released a revised terms of service in draft form two weeks ago, and they are scheduled to take effect next month.

Other multinational companies are also planning changes. LinkedIn, a unit of Microsoft Corp, tells users in its existing terms of service that if they are outside the United States, they have a contract with LinkedIn Ireland. New terms that take effect May 8 move non-Europeans to contracts with U.S.-based LinkedIn Corp.

LinkedIn said in a statement on Wednesday that all users are entitled to the same privacy protections. “We’ve simply streamlined the contract location to ensure all members understand the LinkedIn entity responsible for their personal data,” the company said.

Reporting by David Ingram in San Francisco; Additional reporting by Joseph Menn in San Francisco, Padraic Halpin and Conor Humphries in Dublin and Douglas Busvine in Frankfurt; Editing by Greg Mitchell and Bill Rigby

Donation for fuel: Jeepney drivers in Baguio opt for donations instead of collecting fare

Aileen Cerrudo   •   April 30, 2020

Alano Abuan is grateful for the chance to go out and operate his jeepney again.

Since the implementation of the enhanced community quarantine (ECQ), the government has temporarily banned public transportation to avoid the further spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

However, five barangays in Baguio City applied for a travel permit for jeepney drivers to operate, on the condition that instead of passengers paying for the fare, they can opt to donate.

Barangay councilman (Kagawad) Arturo Frias said they want to assist the jeepney drivers as well as constituents who would need to travel amid the ECQ. Frias said they are proud of their jeepney drivers for their service.

Sabi ng mayor, huwag kayong maningil. Kung magkano iyon ibigay na donation, iyong lang. Proud kami sa mga driver dito kasi hindi po sila pwersang naniningil sa mga pasahero (The mayor said don’t ask for payment. Whatever donation they give is fine. We are proud of our drivers because they do not forcefully collect payment from their passengers), he said.

Alano said there is no problem if passengers would only donate as long as he can still provide for his family.

Basta mayroon okay iyon. Nagkakasya naman (As long as we have something. It is enough),he said.

One of the passengers, Andrew Gangganga said the donations can both help the passengers as well as the drivers amid the ECQ.

Maganda po kasi kapag donation, kahit anong amount, okay lang. Nakakatulong din iyong driver, give and take lang (It is good because if it is a donation any amount is okay. It will help the driver, just give and take),” he said. –AAC

Meet Chi-Chi, Manila’s first animal frontliner

Aileen Cerrudo   •   April 27, 2020

Not just a man’s best friend, this ‘doggo’ is fighting alongside the country’s frontliners.

In a Facebook post, the Manila Public Information Office (MPIO) introduced their first animal frontliner, Chi-Chi. Barangay 379 has given Chi-Chi her Barangay Dog Frontliner ID.

Chi-Chi’s owner, Jake Ryan Ramos, said his dog loves to roam around their barangay and loves to take rides on barangay patrols.

Netizens immediately fell in love with Chi-Chi and flooded the post with photos of their own dogs. AAC

LOOK: Nurse pays tribute to fellow frontliners through syringe art

Aileen Cerrudo   •   April 24, 2020

While the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic continues to wreak havoc, the world is ever more appreciative and supportive of health workers frontlining the virus battle. Some express their support through music and donations — others through fine art.

A nurse paid tribute to her fellow frontliners and COVID-19 victims using syringe art.

Kimberly Joy Mallo Magbanua shared her masterpiece on Facebook: a health worker sleeping in exhaustion with the Philippine flag for a blanket.

“Ito’y para sa aking mga kapwang frontliners at sa lahat ng naging biktima ng COVID-19 (This is for my fellow frontliners and all the victims of COVID-19),” her post reads. AAC

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