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Chinese scientists make breakthrough in nano technology

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Thursday, June 14th, 2018

Various of PPT introducing nano technology. Image grabbed from Reuters video

Chinese scientists have recently made a breakthrough in nanotechnology research, injecting new momentum into new energy and material development in China.

A news conference was held by Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) on Wednesday to announce the significant results of the nano research special project which was launched five years ago.

The all-solid-state lithium-ion battery developed by the project can provide a stable supply of electricity to the deep-sea research of the Mariana Trench with a single maximum power supply time of 20 hours. This breakthrough indicates that China has mastered the core technology of 10,000-meter power supply. It also lays a solid foundation of energy supply for deep-sea space station experiment.

“We have done more than 1,000 cycles of third-party testing. In security testing, we have adopted a stricter testing standard than the power batteries, and they all passed the test. So we think this will be a very important technology for the future,” said Li Hong, a researcher at Institute of Physics, CAS.

After five years of hard work, Chinese researchers have made a major breakthrough in basic studies and turned their results in research into mass production and industrial applications. A series of nano-core technology innovation has been achieved in power lithium-ion batteries, green printing, nano-catalysis, health care, drinking water treatment and other industries. The technology breakthrough has provided a strong support for China’s new energy, new materials and other emerging industries of strategic importance.

“We have now played a leading role in formulating two international standards. We have six others which are in the process of further improvement. We also have more than 30 national standards. They cover the standards of testing high-energy-density power batteries. The promulgation of these standards worldwide will provide a reference for the manufacturing of these products by our peers in other countries, and at the same time help our products to get access to the international market,” said Wang Chen, principal investigator of the nano special project. — Reuters

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Without ICC treaty, PHL can’t sue China if it invades Panatag, Scarborough — Carpio

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Wednesday, October 10th, 2018

FILE PHOTO: An aerial view shows the Pagasa (Hope) Island, part of the disputed Spratly group of islands, in the South China Sea located off the coast of western Philippines July 20, 2011.
REUTERS/ROLEX DELA PENA/POOL

MANILA, Philippines — The Supreme Court has concluded the oral arguments on the petition questioning the validity of the country’s withdrawal from the International Criminal Court (ICC).

It was the Executive Department’s turn to argue that there is no explicit constitutional provision that states Senate concurrence is required in treaty withdrawal.

Solicitor General Jose Calida explained that President Rodrigo Duterte did not violate the Constitution, but only exercised his power as the chief architect that crafts and implements foreign policy.

But Justice Antonio Carpio said the ICC treaty is the only legal deterrent that can protect the country from China’s abuses, specifically, the Kampala Amendment which activated the court’s jurisdiction on crimes of aggression.

“If China invades Pag-asa [Island] and puts up a naval base in Scarborough Shoal, we will not be able to sue President Xi Jin Ping and his military leaders because we have withdrawn already from the ICC, correct?
I mean we cannot take advantage of this legal defense anymore because we are withdrawing from the Rome Statute.

Calida suggested that there might be other international treaties that can be used, but Carpio insisted otherwise.

“This is the only treaty in the world that holds political and military leaders of a state that commits the crime of aggression,” Carpio said.

The Philippines withdrew from the treaty in March 2018 via note verbale sent to the United Nations amid the preliminary examinations on Duterte’s war on drugs by ICC prosecutor Fathou Bensouda.

But according to constitutional law professor Tony La Viña, whether or not the high court rules in favor of the president, investigations on his controversial drug war will continue.

“Kahit sabihin ng Supreme Court natin na valid ang pag withdraw ni Duterte di ba? For any case filed against him, for acts he committed noong member pa tayo, continue iyon. Ang consequence lang ng pagwithdraw natin sa ICC ay any acts committed after April or March, when it takes effect, is no longer covered,” La Viña said.

The petitions asking for the nullification of the withdrawal were filed by opposition senators and the Philippine Coalition for the International Criminal Court. — Mai Bermudez

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Gov’t: PHL-China joint oil exploration could solve surging oil prices, energy security

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Tuesday, October 2nd, 2018

FILE PHOTO: A child holds national flags of China and the Philippines before President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte and China’s President Xi Jinping attend a welcoming ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China, October 20, 2016. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

 

MANILA, Philippines — The government believes that the possible joint oil exploration between the Philippines and China in the West Philippines Sea will help address surging oil prices and ensure the country’s energy security.

The government is eyeing to sign a formal agreement with China during President Xi Jinping’s visit to the country this year.

However, Malacañang clarified that the agreement will not be immediately implemented pending processes and studies to be undertaken on the matter.

“That’s why we are studying it and the administration is pushing for the joint exploration in the West Philippine Sea because based on the initial study, there is natural gas or diesel especially in what we call the Service Contract No. 72,” said Presidential Spokesperson Sec. Harry Roque. — Rosalie Coz | UNTV News & Rescue

 

 

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Chinese first lady calls for global efforts to combat TB

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Friday, September 28th, 2018

FILE PHOTO: Peng Liyuan, wife of Chinese President Xi Jinping. REUTERS/ Denis Balibouse

Chinese First Lady Peng Liyuan called for a global effort to eradicate the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic on Wednesday as she addressed the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) High-Level Meeting on the Fight to End Tuberculosis via video while also explaining at length China’s endeavor to combat the disease.

Peng, who was appointed the World Health Organization’s (WHO) goodwill ambassador for TB and HIV/AIDS in 2011, shared her thoughts and experiences with the attendees of the meeting, which took place at the UN headquarters in New York City. She also shared the touching stories of unsung heroes in China who have been selflessly dedicated to the cause of combating TB.

The first lady, who is also China’s national ambassador for TB control and prevention, said that the control and prevention of the disease in China has made rapid progress, and its victims are being diagnosed and treated in a more timely and effective manner.

Such progress has been made, she pointed out, because of the great importance the Chinese government and the entire society has attached to the cause, as well as the enthusiastic participation of about 700,000 volunteers.

In some parts of China, TB prevention has become one of the key tasks in the government’s poverty alleviation program, said Peng.

Now, China has seen continuous increases of case detection and cure rates for TB and decreases in morbidity and mortality, as many TB victims in the country have had their lives renewed, said Peng, adding that the awareness rate of TB control and prevention knowledge has reached over 75 percent in China.

Thanks to the joint efforts by governments, international organizations, NGOs, specialists and volunteers, the control and prevention of the tuberculosis epidemic at the global level has scored significant achievements, but mankind still faces severe challenges in this aspect, said Peng.

The WHO has adopted the End TB Strategy, she said, urging all countries in the world to join hands and do their best to change the lives of the millions of people who are affected by TB and end the global epidemic.

The high-level meeting was chaired by Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garces, president of the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly. A political declaration on the control and prevention of TB was endorsed at the meeting.

In interviews after the meeting, attendees said that Peng’s speech was very impressive. Attendees also said they really appreciated China’s achievements in the fight against tuberculosis, as well as the country’s support and contribution to the global fight against TB.

“As WHO goodwill ambassador on TB and HIV/AIDS, the first lady is doing a lot within her country to raise awareness about the problem, to encourage, to provide necessary treatment to these people, and, of course, it demonstrates a very good example,” said Teresa Kasaeva, WHO Global TB Program Director.

“I saw very well the things that she highlighted, and I know the efforts that are happening in China. I want to say to China to support as well TB programs in the world,” said Lucica Ditiu, executive director of the Stop TB Partnership.

“In the future, we hope that China can achieve the goal of eliminating TB by 2030 and keep TB under control at a very low level. We hope China can continue to make more efforts and contribute to the global community,” said Ren Minghui, WHO Assistant Director-General for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases. — Reuters

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