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China moves to ban “foreign garbage,” returns over 300 tons of waste back to U.S.

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Monday, September 18th, 2017

FILE PHOTO – Customs officers check on imported solid waste at an examination centre in Qingdao, Shandong province, October 15, 2013. REUTERS/China Daily

China has started its reform plan on solid waste import management released earlier this year, saying that “foreign garbage” will be entirely banned from entering the country by the end of 2017.

Customs in different places across China are also stepping up efforts to crack down upon the illegal import of foreign trash and arrange the returns of the smuggled waste banned in the country.

“We require the companies to ship the trash back as soon as we found it, to prevent any environmental pollution it might bring to us,” said Lianyungang Customs Inspections officer Li Rui.

China has looked into 146 cases of illegal import and processing of imported waste into the country in the first half of this year, which involved more than 260,000 tons of solid waste, according to Customs officials.

China used to be one of the largest importers of “foreign garbage”, or technically known as “solid wastes” but some companies have illegally smuggled “foreign garbage” into the country for profit, damaging the environment and public health.

“The prohibited solid waste may bring hazardous impacts on production and people’s lives during the follow-up processing, to affect drinking water, underground water, and air, Tianjin Xingang Customs inspections Deputy chief Cao Wei.

China will gradually phase out imports of solid waste that can be replaced by domestic resources, by reducing the categories and amount of solid waste imports and raising the import threshold, according to the officials. — Reuters

 

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Chinese scientists first discover spider species breastfeeding, nursing

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Monday, December 3rd, 2018

 

Spider babies eating milk on bellies of spider mothers | REUTERS

Chinese scientists discovered a spider species that feeds their babies with milk as mammals, marking the first time humans discovering invertebrates breastfeeding and nursing theirs offspring, said Chinese Academy of Sciences Friday.

Breastfeeding is a unique animal behavior to mammals, including humans. This type of spider, commonly known as big ant spider, discovered with “breastfeeding behavior”, belongs to Myrmarachne of Salticidae, which is a spider species widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of East and Southeast Asia.

“Spider babies which just hatched out clime up on spider moms’ bellies, to eat a kind of liquid (secreted by spider moms), which was tested to be milk containing four times the protein of cow’s milk. We call it spider milk,” said Chen Zhanqi, a post doctor from Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Researchers found after long-term observation that the newly hatched spider babies feed themselves entirely with the milk in the first 20 days after birth, during which they grow as big as half of their mothers. From 20 to 40 days, spider babies go out looking for food by themselves, while also eating milk from their mothers. This period is a transition for weaning.

The study also found that spider babies don’t leave their mothers after weaning, and continue to stay with them in nests, even after they grow up. This kind of spider will take care of its grown-up offspring, which is seen as a long parental behavioral mode. This mode was once thought to only exist in the social vertebrates with long lifespan.

Experts believe that this breakthrough discovery has extremely important significance for the research on revolution of breastfeeding behavior for contemporary animals. — Reuters

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People worried as China’s capital blanket by pollution

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Monday, December 3rd, 2018

A building in smog in Beijing, China | REUTERS

A total of 79 Chinese cities have triggered air pollution alerts as severe winter smog covers wide swaths of the country, the official Xinhua news agency reported on Saturday (December 1).

China’s capital Beijing issued its first air pollution alert for the winter season on Nov. 23, and it has again issued a yellow alert, the third-highest in its pollution warning system from Saturday (December 1).

Beijing was visibly clouded in smog on Sunday (December 2), and residents were not happy, but many seem resigned to the constant recurrence.

As of Nov.30, five cities had issued red pollution warnings, the most severe in China’s pollution warning system, 73 had issued orange warnings, the second-most severe, and on issued yellow, triggering the implementation of emergency management and control measures, Xinhua reported.

China has taken steps to broaden its campaign against air pollution, including extending a monthly air quality ranking to 169 cities from 74 to pressure local authorities to clean up dirty skies. — Reuters

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China’s first private WiFi satellite meets public

by UNTV News   |   Posted on Thursday, November 29th, 2018

 

WiFi satellite | CCTV via REUTERS

China’s first private WiFi satellite met the public in Shanghai on Tuesday.

The satellite “LinkSure No.1,” independently developed by LinkSure Network, a Shanghai-based mobile internet unicorn company specializing in free internet access, will be launched into space together with the Long March rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China in 2019.

The company also launched its satellite network program — “LinkSure Swarm Constellation System,” which aims to provide free satellite network around the globe in 2026.

Compared with the already existing networks, the system will be more helpful for areas that are uncovered by Internet.

“There are still many places in the world still uncovered by the Internet. According to information released by the United Nations last year, 3.9 billion users had no access to the Internet by the end of 2017. The Earth has many different terrains like ocean or dessert, where Internet infrastructure cannot be constructed, so we got the idea of developing such satellites,” said Wang Jingying, CEO of LinkSure Networks.

The system plans to launch the first 10 WiFi satellites in 2020. The entire system, consisting of 272 satellites of different orbits at different heights, will finally cover the whole world.

Wang said it is costly to launch so many satellites, but what the LinkSure Networks eyes is the broad application prospect of the system in communication, navigation, environment monitoring and other areas.

“Such a satellite plan is actually very costly in the early stage. Our own budget is three billion yuan (about 431 million U.S. dollars). We believe it will pay off, with many scenes, many applications and different modes,” said Wang.

Wang’s view was echoed by Huang Zhicheng, an aerospace technology expert.

“Aerospace programs have high risks and need big investment. Programs that you can see return in three to five years are very few. So patience is very important,” said Huang. — Reuters

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