This year could be the hottest summer yet as the ongoing El Niño phenomenon pushes air temperatures
above normal level according to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services
For this reason, the Department of Health (DOH) is reminding everyone to observe preventive measures
against heat stroke.
Heat stroke occurs when your body cannot keep up with the high temperature. It is an emergency
situation which can result in death if not treated immediately. DOH describes it as the “most severe
form of heat illness.”
Dehydration increases the risk of heat stroke since the loss of fluid prevents the body from cooling
down. For athletes; who perform vigorous exercises, laborers; working outside with too much sun
exposure as well as elderlies and infants, they should maintain hydration during hot weather.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion are: Warm and flushes skin, faintness, dizziness, weakness,
headache, high fever of 41°C, rapid heartbeat, convulsion and unconsciousness.
These are the treatment for heat stroke:
1. Move the person to a shady spot or indoors
2. Have the patient lie down with legs elevated
3. Let him/her sip cool water
4. Remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin and fan the person
5. Apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles & groin
6. Most importantly, bring the patient to nearby hospital.
As doctors always say, prevention is very important. To avoid this situation, everyone should observe
1. Limit the amount time spend outdoors
2. Drink plenty of water
3. Avoid tea, coffee, soda and alcohol
4. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and long-sleeved clothing when outdoors
5. Schedule heavy-duty activities for the beginning or end of the day when it’s cooler.
Have a safe summer this year!